Abstract

Earthquake and its Impacts on Education: Aftermath Nepal Quake 2015

Abstract: Although earthquakes themselves do not kill people, they highlight the critical importance of physical infrastructure
resilience, safety measures and preparedness for natural disasters. Earthquakes are one of several environmental crises that can be
categorized as a natural hazard/disaster. This study uses the qualitative method of research. The semi-structured interview with
follow up questions among the educational actors like students, head/teachers, officials from the district education office and the
local NGO staff working in the field of education before and immediately after the earthquake. The content analyses of curriculum
of secondary level and textbooks of grade IX and X as well as field visit/observation were carried out during the study. The result
and the conclusion of this study show that following the 2015 earthquake, the preparation of emergency bags helped children and
their families gather essential items in a ready-to-go bag specifically designed for disaster situations. Simulation activities in schools
helped prepare students for future disasters, and there were also many initiatives to reduce student and teacher trauma following
the 2015 quake, including the development of a credited 5-hour teacher professional development (TPD) counselling programme.
The inclusion of school disaster risk reduction (DRR) education in the curriculum and textbooks containing information on
earthquakes, their cause, effects and preventive measures have now been disseminated in many languages including Nepali and
English.

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