Abstract: The study entitled “A Study on Reading Habits of the University Students in Nigeria: A Case of Selected Students of Economics Department at the Nile University of Nigeria” analyzed the major factors that hinder regular or systematic reading habits among university students. To determine reading habits, the study examined the concept of reading, its types, reading culture, the importance of reading, and many others through the literature review. Using a carefully-designed questionnaire and non-participatory observations as its research instruments, data was obtained from sixty randomly selected students of the Department of Economics who constituted the population of the study. From the analysis of the data using the quantitative paradigm as the theoretical framework, the findings indicated that there were some linguistic factors responsible for the decline in reading habits among the students included in our target group. The adverse impact of the Internet, the lack of interest, television addiction, and the lack of books made reading difficult. The study concluded by reiterating the importance of reading not just for the individual but the nation at large. Thereafter, the study offered some recommendations to the students, the management of the University, and the government at large.
Abstract: Higher education has accompanied the evolution of European society over time. At the moment, by virtue of social economic circumstances, universities are considered by society the prime factor, which ensures economic evolution and social cohesion in a knowledge society. The complexity of the socio-economic relations, the effects of the globalization phenomenon generated the need to valorize the possibilities of the university environment by creating the EHEA. The higher education system of the Republic of Moldova joined the Bologna Process in 2005 and has implemented the new conception of higher education. The effects of this change are being first and foremost felt by the direct beneficiaries, the students, who appreciate the success of the implementation of various aspects of the new educational paradigm. The results of a study realized in ten universities in the country allow us to confirm that the universities in the Republic of Moldova are currently part of the EHEA, but it is natural that any process that takes place in a living organism, such as the universities, needs to be permanently improved and updated.
Abstract: Executive functions (EFs) show promise as important mediators of adolescent academic performance. However, the expense of measuring EFs accurately has restricted most field-based research on them to smaller, non-longitudinal studies of homogeneous populations with specific diagnoses. We therefore monitored the development of 259 diverse, at-risk students’ EFs as they progressed from 6th through 12th grade. Teachers completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) for a random subset of their students. At that same time, those same students completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Self Report (BRIEF-SR) about themselves; teachers generally reported stronger EFs in students than students reported in themselves. Results further indicated that both BRIEF and BRIEF-SR Global Executive Composite (GEC) scores—measures of overall executive functioning—significantly predicted overall GPAs more than was already predicted by students’ gender, IEP status, and eligibility for free/reduced school lunch. BRIEF (teacher) scores were better predictors and contributed more to predictive accuracy than the BRIEF-SR (student) scores; BRIEF scores even added additional predictiveness to a model already containing BRIEF-SR scores, while the reverse did not hold. This study provides evidence for valid use of BRIEF and BRIEF-SR GEC scores to predict middle and high school GPAs, thereby supporting practitioners use for this purpose within similar, diverse, at-risk populations. The study also illuminates some of the EF development for this population during adolescence.
Abstract: This qualitative study was done on the head teacher’s choice of leadership styles and their implication for better performance using one selected Private school in Mukono District (Uganda). It established that, head teacher’s choice of leadership styles did cause any hindrances amongst his staff so they worked harmoniously to achieve the set targets and goals, motivational-skills and team playing-role in all that happens in the school fosters active participation of all stake holders which eventually leads to attainment of results as targeted, thus recommending for effective delivery of quality education services and improved students’ academic performance is to be attained.