All posts by: technovision

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Investment in Improvement Strategies and Academic Achievement: The Case of Secondary Schools in Kenya

Abstract: Secondary schools have adopted various strategies in an effort to improve performance. Collaboration and benchmarking are two such strategies. However, schools still continue to post poor grades in national examinations, an indicator that most of the students fail to meet the university cut off mark and thus fail to join university. This raises the question of whether such investment is really justified. This study sought to investigate whether investment in these two practices translated into improved education outcomes as measured by mean scores in the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education. The study adopted correlation research design. From a target of 103 schools in the region involved in collaboration and benchmarking, 31schools were randomly selected. The sample comprised all 31 Directors of Studies and 31principals from the sampled schools. Data were collected using questionnaires with closed and open ended items, and document analysis. Data were analyzed inferentially (PPMCC and Multiple linear regression) using the Predictive Analytical Software (PASW) Version 19.0. The data on open ended items were coded using open coding, categorized and reported verbatim. Findings indicated that, investment in the two strategies significantly improved academic achievement (r=0.822; r2=0.676; adjusted r2=0.603). However, considered independently, investment in collaboration had a much higher impact on academic achievement (r=0.843, r2=0.711; adjusted r2=0.697), compared to investment in benchmarking (r=0.510, r2=0.260; adjusted r2=0.219). It is recommended that, schools should generously and uniformly invest in both collaboration and benchmarking in order to boost academic achievement.  In addition, well endowed schools should be encouraged to share their resources.

Download: EUERV3 2 4 AMUNGA
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Vol. 3 Iss. 2

Early pregnancy determining and repercussion analysis at schools in Parakou

Abstract: In order to know the reasons why the pregnancy phenomenon is increasing at schools, this study focused on early pregnancy determining and repercussion analysis at schools in Benin. The principal data have been collected from three public secondary schools in Benin. Descriptive analysis and frequencies using have been used to analyze the data. After the analysis of collected data, results show that having sex without condoms, parents’ poverty are the principal causes of early pregnancy. The majority (48.4%) of pregnant girls are 15 or 17 years old and all the pregnancies concern the girls of first cycle (first form to fourth form) based on non-desire pregnancy. The consequences of this phenomenon are on the health, society and schools.

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Vol. 3 Iss. 2

Development of Modern Physics Achievement Test: Validity and Reliability Study

Abstract: In this study, we aimed to develop an instrument that could be used to measure students’ achievement in modern physics at high school level in a valid and reliable manner. The study was carried out in fall 2013–2014 with a total of 304 students. In this study, expert opinions were obtained to determine the test’s content validity. The reliability of the test was obtained via Cronbach’s alpha, which produced reliability coefficients that fell within acceptable limits. Item analysis were conducted to eliminate improper items. Based on these findings, it could be concluded that the test is an instrument that produces valid and reliable measures, and that can be used to determine students’ achievement in modern physics.

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Vol. 3 Iss. 1

Monitoring Mouse Behavior in e-learning Activities to Diagnose Students’ Acceptance Items of Perceived Usefulness and Ease of Use

Abstract: This study investigates students’ mouse behavior during their interaction with a web-based experiential learning environment for Computer Science courses. The research focuses on the detection of correlations between the monitored mouse metrics and students’ technology acceptance items of perceived usefulness and ease of use. Findings reveal several significant correlations; in particular, metrics of mouse clicks and hovers can be associated with students’ perceived ease use and perceived usefulness. The findings of this work show an interesting research direction towards the analysis of learners’ mouse behavior during their interaction with interactive and web-based tutoring systems.

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Vol. 3 Iss. 1

An Exploratory Analysis of School Culture within a Multi-School Charter School System

Abstract: The primary purpose of this study is to examine and understand how teachers of charter schools perceive their respective schools’ cultures. The research is based upon data gathered from teachers (n=372) in schools (n=18) within a Charter School System (CSS) in the southern United States. We used descriptive statistics, t-test and one-way ANOVA as our statistical tools. The findings revealed that teachers at the Charter Schools have a positive perception of the school culture within their respective schools. Teachers particularly favored professional development opportunities and collegial support in their respected schools. School size, grade span, and years of operation did not make significant differences in CSS’s school culture except collegial support. Collegial support scores for the K-12 school was significantly higher than the 9-12 schools.

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Vol. 3 Iss. 1

A Study on Reading Habits of the University Students in Nigeria: A Case of Selected Students of Economics Department at Nile University of Nigeria

Abstract: The study entitled “A Study on Reading Habits of the University Students in Nigeria: A Case of Selected Students of Economics Department at the Nile University of Nigeria” analyzed the major factors that hinder regular or systematic reading habits among university students. To determine reading habits, the study examined the concept of reading, its types, reading culture, the importance of reading, and many others through the literature review. Using a carefully-designed questionnaire and non-participatory observations as its research instruments, data was obtained from sixty randomly selected students of the Department of Economics who constituted the population of the study. From the analysis of the data using the quantitative paradigm as the theoretical framework, the findings indicated that there were some linguistic factors responsible for the decline in reading habits among the students included in our target group. The adverse impact of the Internet, the lack of interest, television addiction, and the lack of books made reading difficult. The study concluded by reiterating the importance of reading not just for the individual but the nation at large. Thereafter, the study offered some recommendations to the students, the management of the University, and the government at large.

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Vol. 2 Iss. 3

Integration of Universities of the Republic of Moldova into the European Higher Education Area /EHEA

Abstract: Higher education has accompanied the evolution of European society over time. At the moment, by virtue of social economic circumstances, universities are considered by society the prime factor, which ensures economic evolution and social cohesion in a knowledge society. The complexity of the socio-economic relations, the effects of the globalization phenomenon generated the need to valorize the possibilities of the university environment by creating the EHEA. The higher education system of the Republic of Moldova joined the Bologna Process in 2005 and has implemented the new conception of higher education. The effects of this change are being first and foremost felt by the direct beneficiaries, the students, who appreciate the success of the implementation of various aspects of the new educational paradigm. The results of a study realized in ten universities in the country allow us to confirm that the universities in the Republic of Moldova are currently part of the EHEA, but it is natural that any process that takes place in a living organism, such as the universities, needs to be permanently improved and updated.

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Online First, Vol. 2 Iss. 3

Predicting GPAs with Executive Functioning Assessed by Teachers and by Adolescents Themselves

Abstract: Executive functions (EFs) show promise as important mediators of adolescent academic performance. However, the expense of measuring EFs accurately has restricted most field-based research on them to smaller, non-longitudinal studies of homogeneous populations with specific diagnoses. We therefore monitored the development of 259 diverse, at-risk students’ EFs as they progressed from 6th through 12th grade. Teachers completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) for a random subset of their students. At that same time, those same students completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Self Report (BRIEF-SR) about themselves; teachers generally reported stronger EFs in students than students reported in themselves. Results further indicated that both BRIEF and BRIEF-SR Global Executive Composite (GEC) scores—measures of overall executive functioning—significantly predicted overall GPAs more than was already predicted by students’ gender, IEP status, and eligibility for free/reduced school lunch. BRIEF (teacher) scores were better predictors and contributed more to predictive accuracy than the BRIEF-SR (student) scores; BRIEF scores even added additional predictiveness to a model already containing BRIEF-SR scores, while the reverse did not hold. This study provides evidence for valid use of BRIEF and BRIEF-SR GEC scores to predict middle and high school GPAs, thereby supporting practitioners use for this purpose within similar, diverse, at-risk populations. The study also illuminates some of the EF development for this population during adolescence.

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Vol. 2 Iss. 3

Constructs in Leadership Style’s Choice based on Workplace Experience in Ugandan Secondary Schools

Abstract: This qualitative study was done on the head teacher’s choice of leadership styles and their implication for better performance using one selected Private school in Mukono District (Uganda). It established that, head teacher’s choice of leadership styles did cause any hindrances amongst his staff so they worked harmoniously to achieve the set targets and goals, motivational-skills and team playing-role in all that happens in the school fosters active participation of all stake holders which eventually leads to attainment of results as targeted, thus recommending for effective delivery of quality education services and improved students’ academic performance is to be attained.

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Vol. 2 Iss. 3

Do Students Develop the Way Universities Say They Do? Staff Perceptions of Student Development of Graduate Attributes in the Context of a Transnational Partnership in Kazakhstan

Abstract: There is a crisis in higher education internationally whereby the value of a degree is being called into question. One of the contributing factors to this problem is the growth of the sector internationally. Questions have arisen concerning the quality of provision, especially in the case of courses offered in different contexts as part of transnational partnerships. This research explores the perceptions of staff involved with the delivery of a unique transnational higher education partnership between a Russell Group university in the UK and a new university in Kazakhstan. The research sought to understand whether student development was perceived to be in line with the graduate attributes of the intuitions involved. The research was qualitative, using in depth semi structured interviews with members of faculty involved with the delivery of the foundation course, including administration staff, teachers and managers. Responses from participants indicated that the development of characteristics broadly aligned to those stated in graduate attributes did occur.

Download: EUERV2 2 11 MAHON
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Vol. 2 Iss. 2